How Oriental Rugs Are Made?

Persian and Oriental rugs are beautiful additions that anyone would be proud to display in their home. These handmade pieces of art are both stunning and functional, serving a purpose while also enhancing the space they occupy. While many pieces of art and furniture that we purchase today are industrial and manufactured in large quantities; Persian and Oriental rugs are not. These rugs are handmade and unique, taking hours and hours to complete. If you are considering purchasing a Persian or Oriental rug for your home, then you may want to understand better the craftsmanship and dedication that went into making it.

The Warp

Each piece consists of hand knotted material. This material is made of wool or silk. Like when building, you have to start with a foundation. The foundation of a Persian or Oriental rug is the warp. Warps are the vertical strings that go up and down a rug. These strings are what keeps the rug together and are absolutely vital to its structure. The knots in the rug are what is tied to the warps. The weft of a rug is also placed between the warps, which is what keeps the knots in place. The fringe of a rug is the tied off ends of the warp.

The Weft

As mentioned in the description of the warp, the weft is straight pieces of material that are used to keep the knits in place. There is a weft placed before and after each row of knots. A weft is combed after it has been placed and then beaten down to compact the row of knots below it. This is what gives a Persian or Oriental rug its tight structure.


Usually, the warp and weft are made of cotton, sometimes though they are made of wool or silk in more intricate silk rugs. The knots are what is made out of silk or wool. Most Persian and Oriental rugs are not made out of silk, but rather wool for its softness and durability. In fact, silk Persian and Oriental rugs are not meant to be used as rugs, but rather as wall decorations.


How you create a Persian or Oriental rug is by weaving. For those unfamiliar with the process, it is deceptively simple, yet painstaking and something that will only get better and yield better results with practice. Warps are set up in a loom, and then the first weft is threaded through the warps, in and out of each thread to keep it in place. After this, the wool or silk thread is knotted, one at a time, to each warp. If you were to make a rug in one single colour, then it would be a fairly simple process of knotting, adding the next weft, and pressing down, but Persian and Oriental rugs are vivid in their design. Each knot must be carefully planned out for the rug’s beautiful design to shine through at the end, without a single knot out of place.


When you understand how much time and energy goes into making Persian and Oriental rugs, you understand why you need to take care of them. Contact Shenasi Carpet today for cleaning and repair services on your Persian and Oriental rugs.

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